How to write a conclusion – Concluding the journal article

The conclusion to a journal article is extremely important. Obviously, it’s difficult to end things. There’s no equivalent in the journal article into the text message that says you are dumped…or more elegantly, reader I married him. It is important not to rush things at the end of an article even though it might feel as if the end is nigh. That’s because the conclusion does crucial work. Unfortunately it’s often among things that a lot of writers skimp on. It is pretty important to get clear about the job that the conclusion must achieve. So here’s a few things to consider before beginning on the ending. Let’s check it out how to write a conclusion :

Concluding the journal article

The conclusion should remind the reader why the article was written in the first place. In the beginning the writer will have contended that there is a space in what is understood, a mystery that should be solved, a disagreement that is continuing, or an issue that deserves discussion. The writer will have promised to fill out the space, solve the puzzle, give rise to the discussion or take part in the conversation. The writer should use the argument made for the demand for the guide to present the situation that this is what they have done.

The conclusion must reprise the argument that has been made without repeating it ad nauseam. No-one wants to read an article and then read it all over again in the conclusion. The conclusion must be a déjà vu free zone.

The conclusion must deal with the So What and Now What questions. We’ve read this piece of research – so what? who cares? The writer must not leave the answers to these questions to chance, assuming that any sensible reader will be able to work them out for themselves. The conclusion must succintly tell the reader how and why it is that what’s been presented is significant for practice, policy or further research. They must explicitly say how it is that the article constitutes a contribution to knowledge. They must also address the implications for further research or action.

The conclusion must avoid clichés. It’s pretty easy to round off an article with a few pious sentiments. While resorting to a clutch of tired phrases won’t cause your article to be rejected, it will leave the reader with a poor lasting impression. As the conclusion is the last thing that the reader will encounter, its important that they finish with the things that you want them to remember rather than with a sigh or a grimace.

Phrases to consider when thinking about concluding might be…

I argued at the beginning of this article that…
The findings that I have presented suggest that…
This is important for… because…
To date the literature/policymakers/the profession has… but this study offers…
While this study does not offer a conclusive answer to the question of… it does…
The research raises important questions about… for…
As a result of conducting this research, I propose that…
It would be fruitful to pursue further research about… in order to…
If policymakers were to take this study seriously, they might…